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bodrum Bodrum district What you should know about our city of Bodrum. Bodrum's geography, population, history, from ancient Halicarnassus to modern Bodrum, useful information, Bodrum is located in the west of the province of Muğla, where does the name Bodrum come from? Bodrum geography and population, There are many good beaches on the Bodrum peninsula.

CONTENT :
What you should know about our city of Bodrum. Bodrum's geography, population, history, from ancient Halicarnassus to modern Bodrum, the information worth knowing ...

Where does the name Bodrum come from?

Today, when we say Bodrum in Turkish, we mean cellar, pantry or basement.
But where does the name for the city come from?

1. Assumption :
Bodrum Castle (Crusader Castle - Castle of St. Peter) was dedicated to St. Peter and therefore it was named 'Petrum'. In Latin the name was: "Castellum Sanctum Petrum"
Over time, this name Petrum became > Poturum > Bodurum .

bodrum

2. Assumption :
Has to do with the word hippodrome. We know that the word hippodrome was called bodrum in Anatolia. Hippodrome with its local dialect was changed to Podrum > Bodrum over time.

Note :
About 2,000 years ago, where the workshops and the old Bodrum bus station were, was Halicarnassus city center and the hippodrome.

Bodrum geography and population

Bodrum is located in the west of the Muğla Province. The largest part of the Bodrum district is located on a peninsula of the same name, which is surrounded in the north, west and south by the Aegean Sea. It has no administrative border except Milas in the east.

map

Geographic status

The area of ​​Bodrum County is 557 km² and the coastline is 94 nautical miles (174 km) long, together with the small islands. Many bays can be seen on these rugged coastlines. There is no particular flow. Bodrum County has a total of 56 residential areas (the villages are also seen as residential areas)
The highest point, which lies in a northeast-southwest direction, is in the eastern and central part of the district at a height of 879 meters on Mount Yaran in near the village of Mazı. Pazar mountain drops to the west and is 690 meter high.

Population
Bodrum is one of the 13 counties of Muğla. Its population exceeded the capital of the Muğla Province Center and Fethiye County and became the largest region of the Muğla Province in terms of population. <

Extreme times
In June 2021 there are officially 181.541 person who have applied for, but there are over 200,000 people together with the others who are not applied for in Bodrum and who live in their holiday homes. However, the population has increased during the pandemic Covid-19 period that has taken the world under its influence.
The main reason for this is;
There are summer guests who come to Bodrum to live here in the summer months, but then because of the pandemic do not return and spend the winter here. Therefore, in the winter of 2020, the number of people living in this region exceeded 400 thousand. In the high season it is normal for the population including tourists, vacation home owners and job seekers to exceed 1 million. But it was also often discussed in the media that the number is approaching 3 million on religious holidays and some weekends.

beach

There are many good beaches on the Bodrum Peninsula

Mostly they are small bays, small beaches and more with pebbles. Please do not expect kilometers of sandy beaches. In the following we briefly describe the good beaches that can be reached with the cheap Dolmusch buses from the Bodrum bus station.

1KUMBAHÇE beach is right in the center of Bodrum to the left of the castle. There are a lot of restaurants and cafes there.

2GÜMBET beach is in a bay, right after the famous windmills in Bodrum and is very popular. Easily accessible by bus. Sometimes very crowded in summer. Full of hotels and restaurants.

3BITEZ (“Blue Flag” beach - Green Destinations / GSTC-accredited certified) beach is directly across from Gümbet and the quickest way to get there is by taxi. Like Ortakent, the town is 2 kilometers from the beach. Bitez Beach is a quieter beach than. Eg Gümbet Strand, but there is still a nice selection of cafes and restaurants. The water is shallow and the area is well protected. Therefore, the beach is a very popular place for windsurfing and other water sports.

4ORTAKENT - YAHŞİ is located in the center of the Bodrum peninsula. The beach is 3 km south of the city and can be visited with the Dolmus buses. The beach offers a long sandy beach, water sports and several restaurants and hotels. The water is perfect for swimming as you lose the beach bottom relatively early.

5 KARGI - CAMEL BEACH has been awarded the blue flag and is one of the cleanest beaches on the Bodrum peninsula. It extends 2 km south of Ortakent and its neighbor, the village of Yahşi. The resort is 12 km from central Bodrum and 46 km from Milas Airport.

6 BAĞLA is one of the best ways to avoid the most crowded beaches around Bodrum. Strandhuset is one of the best beach restaurants and offers many Turkish specialties. The beach is perfect for those who want a little more privacy.

7 KARAİNCİR Another plus point is that many shops around the beach offer motel and hostel services. Of course, if it's not about the comfort of a five-star hotel, it is also suitable for those who do not have such high expectations.

8AKYARLAR used to be a fishing village and is now a popular tourist destination. This resort is located in the southwest of the Bodrum Peninsula, 21 km from the center. There are regular minibuses from Bodrum to Akyarlar or between Akyarlar - Turgutreis.

9 TURGUTREIS is one of the somewhat larger cities on the Bodrum peninsula, as the second largest population lives here. Turgutreis has a really good sandy beach, which is not protected like the other beaches, so there is no possibility for water sports activities here. The town and the beach are named after the Turkish admiral Turgut Reis, who lived in the 17th century. On Saturdays you have the opportunity to get to know the city market.

10 KADIKALESI - PEKSIMET is located north of Turgutreis. Clean and clear water, a public beach but very calm. The biggest reason is that it is away from the center. Also not so crowded and not so well known.

11 GÜMÜŞLÜK is a small peaceful town and at the same time one of the oldest settlements on the peninsula. The city is definitely worth a visit. Gümüşlük retains its charm because there are strict building restrictions to protect the old town of Myndos, which is located below the city. Some parts of Myndos are under water and can be seen during a snorkeling trip. Today the place is called a small island called "Rabbit Island". Locals raised rabbits on the island, hence the name. The sandy beach west of the city is ideal for sunbathing and is 120 meters long and 10 meters wide. The bottom is covered with sand and fine pebbles. The sea has a structure that quickly deepens. There are really good restaurants in town with wonderful fish specialties.

12 YALIKAVAK You can get to YALIKAVAK by public transport, which is famous for its breeze. Yalıkavak is located in the northwest of Bodrum and has nine "Blue Flag" beaches, one of which is a public beach. The public beach is owned by the municipality and has no entry fee. Public Beach is a 200 meter long sandy beach. The sea is clear, cool and slowly getting deeper.

13 GÜNDOĞAN The public beach in Gündogan is 300 meters long. The centrally located sandy beach is also very close to places where you can eat, drink or practice water sports and have a good time in the evenings. It is also very easy to get to thanks to public transport and nearby paid parking.

14 GÖLTÜRKBÜKÜ This place was called GÖLTÜRKBÜKÜ because it was created from 2 small villages Gölköy and Türkbükü. While Türkbükü Seite is the region where luxury companies form the majority and famous names are preferred, Gölköy Seite is a much more humble and quiet place. The town has a public beach and many shops. In general, the sea is clean and cold. Göltürkbükü is one of the bays where the night life is lively.

15 TORBA is located in a sheltered bay at Gülluk ​​Bay on the north coast of the Bodrum Peninsula. (Bodrum Otogar is located in this place) It is a really nice place which is also very popular with the wealthier Turks and there are many good restaurants in the area as well.

16 KÖHNE It is a small place between Güvercinlik and Bodrum with its small beach, sea and shower. Shower and toilet are also available for caravan services.

17 BARGYLIA - BOĞAZİÇİ is defined when the surrounding olive trees, unique bays and beaches come to the fore. The magical view of the Boğaziçi, which owes its name to it, the sea in all shades of turquoise, the bays that combine with green and blue are like a fairy tale painting. There are also daily boat tours in the village center that allow you to explore the surrounding bays.

18 ADABÜKÜ is mostly called Adabükü - Bodrum. But this Adabükü region is originally and officially part of the Boğaziçi village, which is connected to the Milas County of Muğla. Although it is not on the Bodrum Peninsula, it is considered and referred to as a part of Bodrum as it is only 25 km from the center of Bodrum and there are direct minibus dolmus from the city to Bodrum bus station.

19 Türaş ICMELER

20 Kulturministerium Public Beach

21 YALIÇIFTLIK, one of the rare tourist places outside the Bodrum Peninsula, stands out for its calm atmosphere and clear sea. Much quieter and more peaceful compared to other Bodrum resorts, Yalıçiftlik also offers affordable accommodation and entertainment options. It is possible to reach Yalıçiftlik, which is about 15 km from the city center, by boat and public transport. With a bay with blue flagged beaches, there are small and large accommodations to suit all budgets and tastes.

22 MAZI: In Mazı the sea is rocky and very beautiful, but it is also the most distant place from the center of Bodrum. Mazı village is by far one of the most beautiful places in Bodrum. For a long time you don't even notice that you are approaching the sea from the forest. Then you come across a fork in the road where there are three beautiful bays and beaches in this small village.

Places to visit

Bodrum Castle

burg

Entry fee : 90 TL (2021)

Sultan Çelebi Mehmed, who wanted to prevent the Knights of Rhodes from rebuilding the castle of Izmir, which was destroyed by Mongolian military leader Tamerlane, during the very cramped time of the Ottomans in the early 15th century, showed them the peninsula in the old town of Halicarnassus . They also started building a castle here. These knights were the Knights of Malta, affiliated to the Kingdom of Spain, within the Crusader League, whose military headquarters were in Rhodes, first known as the Knights of St. John or the St. John sect, later known as the Knights of Rhodes and later as the Knights of Malta. Their language was Latin.
You dedicated the castle that you built to St. Peter (Catellum Sanctum Petrum), one of the 12 apostles of Jesus. Rhodes knights of various nationalities built towers, eating and sleeping units and health-related buildings in the castle.

The beginning of this castle construction by the Hospitallers was in 1406 until it was conquered by the Ottoman Sultan "Suleyman the Magnificent" on January 6, 1523.

In the time of the Ottomans, the construction phases continued and additions were made all the time.
Today the castle towers within the castle are named differently after the countries that ruled here and took part in the construction phase. The tallest tower is the French Tower, which is 47.50 m above sea level. The other towers are the Italian, the German, the Spanish (snake tower) and the English tower. One of the most interesting aspects of the castle is; is the presence of a dungeon in the basement of the castle. This was also a place of torture. It was a military fortress until the end of the 19th century. Towards the end of the 19th century, during the reign of Sultan Abdülhamit the 2nd, it was used as a "prison" from 1885 until the First World War. Other political prisoners were arrested.During this time, a Turkish bath and a commanders tower were built and given an Ottoman character. After the proclamation of the Turkish Republic in 1923, it was a dilapidated place for 40 years. It served as a warehouse in which the shipwrecks and amphorae were collected, which were found during the first underwater archaeological excavations in Turkey in 1963. Bodrum Castle, which has become the symbol of Bodrum city center, has been a museum since 1964. At the same time it has served as an "underwater archaeological museum" since 1977. In 1995 the museum received the “Special Praise” award in the European Museum of the Year competition. It was closed from 2017 to 2019 during the restoration work. Although it has reopened, it has lost its character as a living museum.After the proclamation of the Turkish Republic in 1923, it was a dilapidated place for 40 years. It served as a warehouse in which the shipwrecks and amphorae were collected, which were found during the first underwater archaeological excavations in Turkey in 1963. Bodrum Castle, which has become the symbol of Bodrum city center, has been a museum since 1964. At the same time it has served as an "underwater archaeological museum" since 1977. In 1995 the museum received the “Special Praise” award in the European Museum of the Year competition. It was closed from 2017 to 2019 during the restoration work. Although it has reopened, it has lost its character as a living museum.After the proclamation of the Turkish Republic in 1923, it was a dilapidated place for 40 years. It served as a warehouse in which the shipwrecks and amphorae were collected, which were found during the first underwater archaeological excavations in Turkey in 1963. Bodrum Castle, which has become the symbol of Bodrum city center, has been a museum since 1964. At the same time it has served as an "underwater archaeological museum" since 1977. In 1995 the museum received the “Special Praise” award in the European Museum of the Year competition. It was closed from 2017 to 2019 during the restoration work. Although it has reopened, it has lost its character as a living museum.in which the shipwrecks and amphorae were collected, which were found in 1963 during the first underwater archaeological excavations in Turkey. Bodrum Castle, which has become the symbol of Bodrum city center, has been a museum since 1964. At the same time it has served as an "underwater archaeological museum" since 1977. In 1995 the museum received the “Special Praise” award in the European Museum of the Year competition. It was closed from 2017 to 2019 during the restoration work. Although it has reopened, it has lost its character as a living museum.in which the shipwrecks and amphorae were collected, which were found in 1963 during the first underwater archaeological excavations in Turkey. Bodrum Castle, which has become the symbol of Bodrum city center, has been a museum since 1964. At the same time it has served as the "Underwater Archaeological Museum" since 1977. In 1995 the museum received the “Special Praise” award in the European Museum of the Year competition. It was closed from 2017 to 2019 during the restoration work. Although it has reopened, it has lost its character as a living museum.At the same time it has served as an "underwater archaeological museum" since 1977. In 1995 the museum received the “Special Praise” award in the European Museum of the Year competition. It was closed during the restoration works from 2017 to 2019. Although it has reopened, it has lost its character as a living museum.At the same time it has served as the "Underwater Archaeological Museum" since 1977. In 1995 the museum received the “Special Praise” award in the European Museum of the Year competition. It was closed during the restoration works from 2017 to 2019. Although it has reopened, it has lost its character as a living museum.

Bodrum Ancient Theater

theater

Free admission

It is a magnificent building from the 4th century, which was found on the southern slope of Göktepe, where it used to be a necropolis (cemetery). It was later developed and taken on its final shape during Roman times. The building, left to its fate from the 7th century onwards, was underground until 1974 due to earthquakes and natural disasters. The theater, expropriated by the Ministry of Culture in 1974, was opened under the direction of Prof. Dr. Ümit Serdaroğlu uncovered. The main street leading past the theater was also built at this time.

About the act

Like almost every theater, the Bodrum theater consists of three main areas. These are Skene (stage hall), Orchestra (semicircular), Cavea (seating area). This theater is one of the oldest theaters in Turkey. It belongs to the time of Mausolus (4th century BC). The seating levels of the theater are leaning against the slope by carving the soft bedrock. When it was first built, the theater served 8,300 spectators. When it was in its final form, it was for 13,000 people.
When calculating the number of seats in the theaters, 40 cm is assumed for 1 person. If you calculate its size, there would be 13,000 seats if the whole thing had been restored ...
But it is definitely not an amphitheater.

Events and concerts have been organized in summer since 2003

Mausoleion

mozole mozole

Entry fee :14 TL (2021)

353-330 BC BC / It took a total of 23 years to build.

The place where the mausoleion was to be built used to be a cemetery. King Mausolos reserved this place for himself. He wanted to have a large grave monument built here to show his power and wealth. He died while construction on the building was beginning. His sister and also his wife 2. Artemisia continued the construction of a funerary monument, the construction of which will take years and could even be completed by her years after her death.
2. Artemisia wanted to show her love and thereby create a monument that the whole world would admire.

In 1304, i.e. in the 14th century, the grave monument was destroyed by an earthquake.

The properties

The architect for the construction of the building is PYTHEOS. It was built by the 4 best sculptors of the time LEOCHARES, BRYAXIS, SKOPAS and TIMOTHEOS and by the marble masters.
This grandiose building, which is one of the 7 Weltwunder, was called Maussolleion in his time because of the satrap Mausolos, later in Latin as Mausoleion / mausoleum and in Turkish as Mozole. The other name of the funerary monuments around the world is still called a mausoleum.

Remains :

Today only the foundations of the mausoleion and the remains of the burial chamber of the mausoleion are preserved.
The walls of the mausoleion, the foundations of which were laid by cutting volcanic rock, can still be seen on site. Remains of the building are built in the 15th century in the Johanniterburg (the crusader castle). Some of the sculptures were brought to the British Museum in London. Two original pieces of the Amazon frieze can still be seen in the museum, which is located on the site of the former mausoleum.
A local museum on the site of the mausoleion is important to show both the plan of ancient Halicarnassus and the architectural parts of the monument.

Myndos Gate and the city walls

myndos mauer

Free admission

The former city gate Myndos has two monumental towers, one of which is still almost completely preserved in its original shape of around 7.00 by 8.5 meters in a rectangle.
It was one of the entrance gates to the ancient city of Halicarnassus from the west. This is why it is also called the West Gate. Alexander the Great attacked from here too. Also Alexander Tor. The gate was uncovered and restored in 2000.

The ancient city of Halicarnassus had 7 km. Long city walls. In the years 2020-2021, the 2.3 km long part will be very newly excavated.